The commercial land use development guidelines are offered as assistance in designing and constructing facilities at dia and the criteria presented shall apply to all leasehold improve ments identified as commercial development sites on page 2. It is against the above background that the paper examines land rights characteristics and access to land, their implicationson food security in nigeria. The challenges of sustainable land use planning in nigerian cities the case of port harcourt dr. Apart from the land use act and the capital gains tax act that are federal enactment regulating real estate practice in nigeria, almost other laws governing real estate practice in nigeria are state laws which differ from one state to the other. Variation in the choice of commercial land use locationpolicy and. In port harcourt, as in most urban centres in nigeria, housing. Pdf process of urban land use in nigeria researchgate. It is construed that no development can be effective without land. The paper explains that relationship among land uses in nigeria is a reflection of land reform and land theories.
The list can be filtered by price, furnishing and recency. The commercial land have been listed by estate agents who can be contacted using the contact information provided for each commercial land listing. The country has the largest population in africa, with an estimated 2008 population of 151 million. Most major cities including lagos, kaduna, port harcourt, onitsha, enugu, aba and some in other parts of niger delta region have been developing with the conventional land use approach jiboye, 2005. In 20, rainfed agriculture accounted for 380,000 sq km in nigeria, covering over 40 percent of its national territory, up from 20 percent in 1975. In 20, rainfed agriculture accounted for 380,000 sq km in nigeria, covering over 40 percent of. Land use conversion and traffic situation in lagos. Right of occupancy is completely different from ownership of land known under both customary and common laws which exists before the promulgation of the land use act. Do you know what a certificate of occupancy is or why it is deemed the most important document to a land owner or property buyer in nigeria.
Pdf process of urban land use in nigeria enisan gbenga. Thus, land without dimension of tenure is meaningless concept. The relationship between transportation and urban property values has been the focus of many studies for example, dewees, 1976. Not surprisingly, the country that is home to the largest population of the region also has by far the largest area under cultivation. Nigerian cities are experiencing rapid noncomplementary land use. Although the act has its merits, quite a number of environment stakeholders have described it as the greatest clog in the wheel of housing development in the country. On 29th january 2018, the lagos state house of assembly has passed a law to provide for the consolidation of property and land based charges and make provisions for the levying and collection of land use charge in lagos state. Land use patterns and economic development of ikeja in lagos state, nigeria. The manner in which it is utilized goes a long way to determine the shape and form of cities. Prior to the promulgation of land use act, land is completely owned by individuals, families and communities with the head who hold the land in trust for the use of the entire people. The findings of this paper is that both direct and indirect causes inhibits proper land use planning in nigeria such as land clearance for agriculture and. Land use planning, agriculture, residential land use, food crop, farmers, physical planning, development 1.
Land is used for several purposes ranging from recreational, commercial, residential, industrial and. Land use act chapter l5 laws of the federation of nigeria 2004 an act to vest all land compromised in the territory of each state except land vested in the federal government or its agencies solely in the governor of the state, who would hold such land in trust for the people and would. Nigerians to use and enjoy land in nigeria and the natural fruit thereof in sufficient quantity to. Certificate of occupancy what you need to know private. Pdf urban land use in the city centre of akure, nigeria. For clarity, the term public right of way is used to. With the advent of globalization and privatization the land use system of lagos has changed significantly, with the traditional land uses such as industrial premises reducing in floor areas, increase in religious land uses, public land use areas are reducing but with tremendous increase in commercial land use.
Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation 3 1. This of course flows from the movement of people from the peripherals to the central. Thomas odunlami department of land economy, university of cambridge. An evaluation of the efficiency of the land use act 1978 of the federal republic of nigeria and its implications in minna and environs fig working week 2012 knowing to manage the territory, protect the environment, evaluate the cultural heritage rome italy, 610 may 2012 an evaluation of the efficiency of the land use act 1978 of the federal. An important enactment that changes the land tenure system in nigeria is the land use act of 1978, which to a certain extent remedies the disparities in relation to land between the land owner and the tenant. Case study of ikeja, nigeria by oni ayotunde olawande, ph. Lesson 1 nigerian land markets and the land use law of 1978. Many processes that influence land use change interact at different levels of organization, and in a highly dynamic manner to produce complex patterns. Spatial determinants of urban land use change in lagos. Regulations which segregate land into separate and often singular uses, such as residential, commercial, industrial. Effect of mixed land use on housing livability in sagamu. There are two types of physical problems associated with residential land use in the urban areas of nigeria.
Land use patterns and economic development of ikeja in. However, the economic impact in terms of employment and sales far outstrip this small space allocation. S 1department of estate management, moshood abiola polytechnic. Land value determinants and variability in commercial. Pdf the peculiar nature of land use dynamics in nigeria. So, in using the expression land use act, it is usually concerned with the legislation that provides the right to use of land in both urban and rural areas of nigeria. Chapter 7 provides concluding comments, including a summary of recommendations. Farm management problems range from those of the small, nearsubsistence and familyoperated farms to those of largescale commercial farms where trained managers use the latest technological advances, and from farms administered by single proprietors to farms managed by the state.
The geographic information system approach akpomrere, o. Prior to the land use decree of 1978, the nigerian land tenure system had become the object of intense attack and defence by vested interests promoting their views on changes in the tenure system which would best increase food and fibre production. Land is used for several purposes ranging from recreational, commercial, residential, industrial and religious. Abstract this paper examines the changes in land use and economic. Nigeria trails other african countries in the ease of registering land indices see table 1 14. With no enforcement of land use regulations, this has led to a decline in the quality of life for the residents. A typical problem in the distribution pattern of commercial land use in southern calabar is the incidence of vehicular congestion in some locations of the town. Nigeria landlinks landlinks was created by e3land, a. Management problems of urban land development in nigeria. The land use plan is a component of the plan that establishes policies on the future use of land.
Mshelia department of geography, nigerian defence academy kaduna, nigeria. Corporate real estate development in nigeria olaseni adetokunboh, iyiade aibinu, sam agbato page 2 identified increase in construction costs, high cost of capital, access to land, sharp depreciation of the naira, access to housing finance facilities, cost of labour, poor infrastructural provision, extortion by. Land use change and environmental destruction not only has endangered natural resources, but also has. Hence, access to land in nigeria is a major threat to food security in the country.
However because of its cosmopolitan status there abound people from all parts of the state nigeria in the city. There are 744 available commercial land for sale in nigeria. Land is germane to virtually all developmental activities of man. As at 2006 national population census the population of calabar stands at. Spatial variation of commercial land use rental value in. Right of occupancy is a right to use and occupy land in accordance with the provisions of the land use act. They contend that increasingly, mixed land use has replaced the rigid separation of residential and commercial uses. Nigeria ranks 179th in the ease of registering land compared to botswana 81st position, morocco 86th position, south africa 107th position and ghana 119th position.
The challenges of sustainable land use planning in. Process of urban land use in nigeria international journal of. Land use act chapter 202 laws of the federation of nigeria 1990 an act to vest all land compromised in the territory of each state except land vested in the federal government or its agencies solely in the governor of the. Commercial land use change, physical planning decisions, urban plan 1. In nigeria, there is still strong adherent to the conventional land use planning approach. What the act grants an holder of land be it an urban or nonurban land in nigeria is just a mere right to use the land for a predetermined periodterm 99years after which such land will automatically revert back to the governor at its effluxion except such holder of land renews hisher right of occupancy at its expiration. Pdf this paper focuses on the process of land use change in nigeria. Commercial land for sale in abuja, nigeria 216 available.
Residential land use represents one of the most serious aspects of the land use problems in the cities and towns of nigeria. The land use act introduced the right of occupancy system in nigeria. However, section 1 of the land use act entrusts in the governor of each state, the administration of land for the use and the common. Keywords land use conversion land use management land use regulations nigeria port harcourt. Start by using the country commercial guide, a trusted resource for companies at every level of exporting experience. Pdf analysis of commercial land use proposal changes in. Pdf spatial variation of commercial land use rental. Land use and land cover inventory in nigeria, the nigeria geographical journal 27 land 2 pp 1. Nigeria land administration reform in nigerian fig congress 2010 facing the. Factors affecting land use change on property values in nigeria 1bello i. But the advancement of land use act of 1978 altered the existing land tenure and vested all lands. Land use act chapter l5 laws of the federation of nigeria.
There are 216 available commercial land for sale in abuja, nigeria. The nature of land rights in the country is seen as grossly responsible for the inaccessibility to land. Application of remote sensing and geographic information. Land use pattern that is, the spatial configuration of land use is a reflection of the decisions made by different land usersmanagers. A certificate of occupancy, also known as the c of o is a document issued by state governments in nigeria to landowners and property buyers as a legitimate proof of ownership.
Urban land use in the city centre of akure, nigeria. An evaluation of the efficiency of the land use act 1978. Improving urban land use planning and management in. The impact of land use conversion on a residential. Application of remote sensing and geographic information system in monitoring the dynamics of landuse in minna, nigeria g. Although the land use act of 1978 was meant to usher in a new land reform in nigeria, it soon became a clog in the wheel of development over the years. This was more so because the military government which promulgated it also ensured it was embedded in the constitution of the country.
It is surprising that commercial land use contributes a very small proportion of land use in the urban area about 5% of the total space of the grouping. Factors affecting landuse change on property values in. The land use act remains one of the most contentious legislations in nigeria today. Buying land in nigeria is one of the common property law transactions, which is administered by various legislations depending on the jurisdiction in nigeria. Exporting to nigeria market overviewexporting to market overview do you want to export to nigeria. Conveyancing, as it is known, is the process by which ownership of land is transferred between a seller and a buyer. Introduction real estate practice in nigeria is governed by a number of laws both at the federal and state levels. Property development and land use planning regulations in nigeria. Variation in the choice of commercial land use locationpolicy and legal implication for the planning of calabar south, nigeria. The findings of this paper is that both direct and indirect causes inhibits proper land use planning in nigeria such as land clearance for agriculture and other economic purposes. Commercial activities in nigerian cities has taken an.1011 1367 57 471 775 1333 784 384 1374 1020 481 1155 76 1222 279 280 519 926 1427 1192 443 907 991 127 1141 332 616 30 1416 426 165 1280 721 1026 1487 1491 1351 770 1235 936