Inhibitory effect of the essential oil of curcuma longa l. The antibacterial activity was measured by agar well diffusion method and antifungal activity by poisoned food technique. The ethanolic extract of curcuma longa and curcuma aromatica was found to have both antibacterial and antifungal activity. The study was also extended to identify the phenolic compounds present using hplc then evaluate their antibacterial and antitumor activity of the most abundant compounds. Curcuma longa grow turmeric in your garden article by. The aim of the present study is to uncover the active individual compounds in turmeric essential oil that. It is originated naturally in india and now is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world mccaleb et al. Curcuma is part of the ginger family and is closely related to turmeric, which is the principal ingredient in curry powder.
Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of aqueous and hydro. The purpose of the study is to study the effect of c. It has been reported about antimicrobial activity of c. Turmeric, nutmeg, ginger, clove, oregano, cinnamon, anise, fennel, basil, black cumin, and black pepper showed antifungal activity against the plant pathogens colletotrichum acutatum, colletotrichum fragariae, and colletotrichum gloeosporioides. The plaque reduction test elicited the approximate ec 50 of 0. Uncovering the antifungal components from turmeric. Chemical composition of the essential oil of curcuma longa and evaluation of the antifungal activity on rhizopus stolonifer and penicillium sp.
Curcumin, turmeric, curcuma longa, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant. A perennial herb belonging to the ginger family, turmeric measures up to 1 m high with a short stem and tufted leaves figure 23. Ic50 values of essential oils of curcuma longa and curcuma wenyujin were 28. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of curcuma longa.
Curcuma domestica is one of the toughest curcuma that we grow. The antibacterial activities of turmeric curcuma longa l. Abstract in a search for plant extracts with potent antimicrobial activity, turmeric curcuma longa was extracted to get. The plant grows to a height of three to five feet, and is cultivated extensively in asia, india, china, and other countries with a tropical climate. Curcuma longa turmeric is a plant in the zingiberaceae family which is a native of south asian region 1. Therefore, new agents are needed to treat mrsa associated infections. In this study, the antifungal spectrum of curcuma longa alcohol extract was. Asif5 turmeric is a spice derived from the rhizomes of curcuma longa, which is a member of the ginger family zingiberaceae. Pharmacological activities of wild turmeric curcuma. Turmeric contains essential oil, yellow pigments curcuminoids, starch and oleoresin leung, 1980. In this study, the antifungal spectrum of curcuma longa alcohol extract was determined, and the resulting ec50 values mgml of its extract on eleven fungi, including fusarium graminearum, fusarium chlamydosporum, alternaria alternate, fusarium tricinctum.
Introduction one of the primary objectives of endodontic therapy is the microbial reduction or their elimination, to promote the normal healing and reestablishment of the health of the periradicular tissues. Consumption of aflatoxincontaminated food and commodities poses serious hazards to the health of humans and animals. All the extracts showed antibacterial activity against all the test bacterial isolates. Fourteen healthy subjects were assessed in a crossover trial. Pdf antifungal activity, main active components and. We are committed to sharing findings related to covid19 as quickly and safely as possible. Extracts of turmeric curcuma longa showed varying levels of anti fungal potential depending on the solvent used for extraction and the concentration at which the. Turmeric oil and curcumin, isolated from curcuma longa l. Antibacterial activity of curcuma longa varieties against different strains of bacteria shagufta naz1, safia jabeen1, saiqa ilyas1 farkhanda manzoor2, farah aslam1 and aamir ali3 1department of botany, lahore college for women university, lahore, pakistan 2department of zoology, lahore college for women university. Antiinflammatory activity there is a great number of papers in the literature relating the activity of compounds extracted from c. The biochemical effects of methanol extract of curcuma longa on plasma cholesterol, glucose, protein, triglyceride and creatinine levels were studied in alloxan induced diabetic rabbits. It has oblong, pointed leaves and bears funnelshaped yellow flowers. The aqueous extract of all plant did not show any significant inhibitory. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of different fractions obtained from rhizome of curcuma longa was investigated against standard strain and clinical isolates of staphylococcus aureus.
The antifungal activity of twentytwo common spices was evaluated against plant pathogens using directbioautography coupled colletotrichum bioassays. The antiarthritic activity of curcuma is the reason of decreasing in food intake andbody weight gain, through increasing or decreasing the production of antiinflammatory cytokines and activating. The results showed more than 90% reduction in virus yield in cell culture using 30. Turmeric is a good antioxidant and also has antiinflammatory properties, which means that is often used for treating arthritis. The origin of the plant is not certain, but it is thought to be originated from south eastern asia, most probably from india. Antimicrobial activity of methanolic and acetonic extracts of azadirachta indica, saraca asoca and curcuma longa 81 impregnated with acetonic and methanolic extracts were placed on test organism seeded plates test organism used were aspergillus niger and aspergillus fumigatus. This compound has been shown to possess a wide range of pharmacological activities, 4 where antifungal activity was assessed by experiments done with crude extracts of c. In this present work we make an overview of the pharmacological activities of c. It has been appreciably used in traditional medicine as a household remedy for various diseases.
Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation of the rhizomes. Specimens of curcuma longa, including leaves, wood, fruit slices, rhizomes, powder and oil, are held in kews economic botany collection. Many species of curcuma are traditionally used for their medicinal. Components of tumeric are named curcuminoids, which include mainly. Copy of curcuma longa international journal of science. Curcumin, turmeric, curcuma longa, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant activity, cuprac method 1. Updated for itis by the flora of north america expertise network, in connection with an update for usda plants 20072010 reference for. This paper reports the antiaflatoxigenic activities of the essential oil of c. Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of. Antifungal activity of curcuma xanthorrhiza and curcuma soloensis extracts and fractions to cite this article. Curcuma longa, aqueous extract, hydroalcoholic extract, endodontic pathogens, antimicrobial activity. Antimicrobial activity of turmeric extract and its. But, as always, consult with a doctor or certified medical professional to see if. The antifungal potential of curcuma longa turmeric and zingiber officinale ginger essential oils alone and in combinations, against common causes of tinea infections in humans was investigated via in vitro investigations, in order to determine a suitable dosage for use in clinical trials.
The antimicrobial test was screened using agar diffusion. Curcuma longa is widely known for its antiinflammatory activity in traditional system of medicine for centuries and has been scientifically validated extensively. Immunestimulatory and antiinflammatory activities of curcuma. After intraperitoneal administration of one of the three preparations in the rat, the activity of doses of 1. Moreover, it is also one of the most extensively investigated medicinal plant. Turmeric curcuma longa and its major constituent curcumin as. Turmeric is an herbaceous evergreen plant in the zingiberaceae ginger family. Curcuma longa or turmeric is a tropical plant native to southern and southeastern tropical asia.
The root of it was widely used as food ingredient and remedy. Introduction turmeric is a spice which is obtained from rhizomes of plant curcuma longa, a member of the family zingaberaceae. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of curcuminoids isolated. The efficiency of vacuum distillation 150 mmhg over conventional distillation at atmospheric pressure was assessed on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of these leaf oils. Curcuma longa can be seen growing in kews palm house. Pdf antifungal activity of curcuma xanthorrhiza and. Zingiberaceae family and its polyphenolic compound curcumin have been subjected to a variety of antimicrobial. Turmeric curcuma longa is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, zingiberaceae. Potential anticancer activity of turmeric curcuma longa. Comparative evaluation of antiinflammatory activity of.
Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of curcuminoids isolated from turmeric rana pratap singh and d. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of kesum polygonum minus, ginger zingiber officinale and turmeric curcuma longa extract 531 international food research journal 18. Rhizomes are horizontal underground stems that send out shoots as well as roots. Antimicrobial activities for curcumin and rhizome extract of c.
Curcuma longa has wellknown insecticidal and repellent effects on insect pests, but its impact on trichoplusia ni is unknown. Curcuma longa has also been used as a clothing dye and as a cosmetic. The clinical isolates were found more sensitive for different fractions, than the standard strain of s. Zingiberaceae commonly known as wild turmeric vana haridra or yellow zedoary is a species that stands second among the widely used curcumin species next to common turmeric curcuma longa linn.
Many studies have demonstrated the antifungal activity of curcumin on candida strains and various other types of fungi. Turmeric antiulcer activity of an ethanolic extract of turmeric in inbred wistar albino rats. Antimicrobial activity of curcuma longa aqueous extract. In europe the capsulestablets containing powder and extracts are marketed to support the immune. Synergistic antifungal activity of curcuma longa turmeric. Effect of turmeric curcuma longa zingiberaceae cream on. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to covid19. Tumeric is a spice that comes from the root curcuma longa, a member of the ginger family, zingaberaceae. Antibacterial activity of curcuma longa varieties against. The plant is distributed wild throughout india and mainly cultivated in kerala and west bengal 1. Saju and others published antifungal and insectrepellent activities of essential oil of turmeric curcuma longa l. The present study was conducted to evaluate the antiinflammatory activity of curcuminoids and oilfree aqueous extract cofae of c.
In this study, the compound arturmerone, extracted and purified from. Zingiberaceae family and its polyphenolic compound curcumin have been subjected to a variety of antimicrobial investigations due to extensive traditional uses and low side effects. Highly efficient and ecofriendly antifungal fumigants are desirable in food and crop production. Curcuma longa, turmeric extract, curcuminoids, antibacterial activity, minimum inhibitory concentrations 1 department of microbiology and immunology, faculty of veterinary medicine, kasetsart university, bangkok 10900, thailand. Ethnopharmacological relevance of curcuma longa zingiberaceae is known in many countries. In this study, the antifungal spectrum of curcuma longa.
Using turmeric for yeast infections seems to be an excellent natural remedy. In the present study, a total of six extracts of two spices namely black pepper and turmeric in three solvents were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. We investigated the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of different forms local names. Antifungal activity of fresh juice and aqueous extracts of turmeric and ginger zingiber officinale j phytol res. Antifungal activity of curcuma longa grown in thailand. Pdf curcuma longa possesses powerful antifungal activity, as demonstrated in many studies. Chemical composition of the essential oil of curcuma longa. Invitro antifungal activities of tumeric curcuma longa rhizome extract against alternaria alternata. The effects of embelin 50 mgkgday, a benzoquinone derivative of embelia ribes, and the effects of curcumin 100 mgkgday, the active principle of curcuma longa, against nnitrosodiethylamine. Dried and spiritpreserved specimens of curcuma longa are held in kews herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Biological activity of curcuminoids isolated from curcuma longa. The extract tested was a dried 96% ethanol extract. Antimicrobial activity of curcuma longa aqueous extract author. Antifungal, antibacterial, phytotoxic, cytotoxic and insecticidal activity.
Hence, we compared the major active components curcuminoides and antifungal activity of three curcuma longa strains. Curcuma longa commonly known as turmeric, is used for the food applications as an active ingredient in curries and mustards kim et al. The rhizomes of curcuma longa contain curcuminoids which are used as a food additive for the promotion of health as well as for the cure of various types of diseases 2. In ayurveda indian traditional medicine, tumeric has been used for its medicinal properties for various indications and through different routes of administration, including topically, orally, and by inhalation. Antifungal activity, main active components and mechanism. Oct 12, 2010 previous animal studies have shown that curcuma c. The antioxidant activity of turmeric curcuma longa. Made by grinding the dried root of the curcuma longa plant, this ancient superfood and key ingredient in curry powder has been used by indian ayurvedic healers for centuries. Biological activities of turmeric curcuma longa linn. Turmeric oil showed good antifungal activity 68 mm, mic 1. Turmeric curcuma longa is extensively used as a spice, food preservative and colouring material in india, china and south east asia. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of kesum. India as a whole consumes 480,000 tons of turmeric annually. Antimicrobial and antiprostate cancer activity of turmeric.
Curcumin is a yelloworange polyphenol compound produced by the rhizome of curcuma longa plants, which is widely used as a spice in asian cooking. Curcumin showed the antiinfluenza activity against influenza viruses pr8, h1n1, and h6n1. There are more than 80 species of turmeric and 70 varietiesstrains of curcuma longa, which may have different chemical properties and biological activities. Antifungal activity of various species and strains of. Curcuma longa turmeric description curcuma longa, a perennial herb, is a member of the zingiberaceae ginger family.
The antioxidant activity was determined using the 1,1diphenyl2picrylhydrazyl dpph free. The penetration of the active contents of the extracts and lectin in nutrient agar was compared to. The inhibitory activity of turmeric oil was tested in trichophytoninduced dermatophytosis in guinea pigs. Scanning electron microscopic observations revealed that test pathogen treated with c. These substances can be classified as curcuminoids, analogues of diarylheptanoids. Extracts as antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic agent in type2 diabetesdyslipidemia patients. Curcuma longa possesses powerful antifungal activity, as demonstrated in many studies. Antifungal activity of turmeric oil extracted from curcuma. Antimicrobial activity of curcuminoids from curcuma longa l. The results showed that all 15 isolates of dermatophytes could be inhibited by turmeric oil at dilutions of 1. Curcumin as a promising antifungal of clinical interest. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of turmeric nhsjs.
Curcuma longa leaves, an unexploited agricultural waste in the hilly terrains of the western himalayas in india, were exploited to isolate essential oil. India has a rich history of using plants for medicinal pur poses. The 3 tall pleated green leaves of curcuma longa are adorned, starting in early september, with colorful pineconelike flowers that are nestled among the leaves. Curcumin is the major constituent of turmeric curcuma longa. Pdf medicinal properties of turmeric curcuma longa l. Antioxidant properties of popular turmeric curcuma longa. The efficiency of vacuum distillation 150 mmhg over conventional distillation at atmospheric. The present study investigated the antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate, methanol and water extracts of curcuma longa l.
Turmeric powder and its derivatives from curcuma longa. Antioxidant and bactericidal activity of wild turmeric extracts. Wuthiudomlert m1, grisanapan w, luanratana o, caichompoo w. Effects of curcuma longa turmeric on postprandial plasma. Turmeric curcuma longa, one of the major spices, is being consumed in india and other asian countries. The present study aim to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of c. Zingiberaceae of north america update, database version 2010 acquired. In this study, the antifungal spectrum of curcuma longa alcohol extract was determined, and the resulting ec50 values mgml of its extract on eleven fungi, including fusarium graminearum, fusarium chlamydosporum, alternaria alternate, fusarium tricinctum, sclerotinia sclerotiorum, botrytis cinerea. Mar 28, 2015 nowadays, economic and medicinal importance of turmeric curcuma longa linn. Indians are thought to consume between 80 and 200 mg per day of curcuma longa extract. Comparison of chemical composition and antifungal activity. Antifungal compounds from turmeric and nutmeg with.1398 273 779 1059 184 555 77 185 200 41 1144 1331 522 1499 192 602 1222 1012 801 1223 687 612 1259 758 1457 1079 1054 5 271 299 159 720 5 741